Hepatitis C is a contagious
liver disease that ranges in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks
to a serious, lifelong illness that attacks the liver. It results from
infection with the Hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is spread primarily through
contact with the blood of an infected person. Hepatitis C can be either “acute”
Acute Hepatitis C virus
infection is a
short-term illness that occurs within the first 6 months after someone is
exposed to the Hepatitis C virus. For most people, acute infection leads to
Chronic Hepatitis C virus
infection is a
long-term illness that occurs when the Hepatitis C virus remains in a person’s
body. Hepatitis C virus infection can last a lifetime and lead to serious liver
problems, including cirrhosis (scarring of the liver) or liver cancer.
are the symptoms of acute Hepatitis C?
Approximately 70%–80% of people with acute
Hepatitis C do not have any symptoms. Some people, however, can have mild to
severe symptoms soon after being infected, including
(yellow color in the skin or eyes).
3. What are the symptoms of chronic Hepatitis
Most people with chronic
Hepatitis C do not have any symptoms. However, if a person has been infected
for many years, his or her liver may be damaged. In many cases, there are no
symptoms of the disease until liver problems have developed. In persons without
symptoms, Hepatitis C is often detected during routine blood tests to measure liver
function and liver enzyme (protein produced by the liver) level.
Can chronic Hepatitis C be treated?
Yes. There are several
medications available to treat chronic Hepatitis C, including new treatments
that appear to be more effective and have fewer side effects than previous
5. Is it possible to get
over Hepatitis C?
Yes, approximately 15%–25% of
people who get Hepatitis C will clear the virus from their bodies without
treatment and will not develop chronic infection.
there a vaccine that can prevent Hepatitis C?